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There are a variety of ways that attackers could target web applications (websites which allow you to communicate directly with software via the browser), to steal confidential data or introduce malicious code or hijack your computer. These attacks exploit weaknesses in web applications, such as and content management systems as well as web servers.

Web app attacks account for the majority of security threats. In the last decade attackers have refined their abilities in identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities that compromise the perimeter defenses of applications. Attackers can evade most common defenses using techniques such as botnets, phishing and social engineering.

Phishing attacks make victims click on an email link with malware. The malware is then downloaded to the victim’s PC and gives attackers access to systems or devices. Botnets are collections of compromised and infected devices, that attackers use to launch DDoS attacks and spread malware, as well as to perpetuate fraud on ads, and so on.

Directory (or path) traversal attacks rely on movement patterns to gain access to the data on a website, its configuration my link files as well as databases. Input sanitization is required to protect against this type attack.

SQL injection attacks attempt at the database that holds critical website and service information by injecting malicious code that permit it to override and reveal information it would not normally disclose. Attackers then execute commands such as dump databases, etc.

Cross-site scripting (or XSS) attacks insert malicious code inside a trusted website to take over browsers of users. This enables attackers to steal session cookies and sensitive information, impersonate users, manipulate content, and much more.

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